Capsicum spp.

Chili pepper


The particular species of chili pepper, Capsicum frutescens, is at times categorized under the species Capsicum annuum. The pepper cultivars of Capsicum frutescens can both be annual or perennial (short-lived) plants. The plant’s flowers are white and have a greenish white or greenish yellow corolla. The plant’s berries are very small (10–20 millimetres (0.39–0.79 inch) long and 3–7 millimetres (0.12–0.28 in) in diameter) and acrid, their shape is ellipsoid-conical to lanceolate. The fruit (the peppers) usually develop from a pale yellow to a bright red when ripe. Varieties can come in other colours as well.